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Trauma – “Understanding Why You Feel this Way”

DAVID JAMES & ASSOCIATES
http://www.davidjamesandassociates.com
Feburary, 2011

Counselling, Counsellor, Niagara Region, St. Catharines, Therapist, Thorold, Welland, Niagara Falls, Beamsville, Lincoln, Grimsby, Stoney Creek, Port Colborne, Psychotherapy, Psychologist, addictions, chronic pain, hypno therapy, marriage, divorce
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At some point in your life you have probably cut your finger with a knife.  Depending on the sharpness of that knife and the force behind it you either bled a little or a lot.  Even if you had extremely tough skin, you would bleed.  There are events in life that can make you bleed all over on a psychological level.  It is these events that make people susceptible to developing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

You should talk to a counsellor if you have re-experienced the trauma in the form of dreams, flashbacks or intrusive memories, if you experience a numbing of emotions and reduced interest in others and your surrounding.  Also if you are experiencing insomnia, agitation, irritability or outbursts of rage that persist for at least one month.

Secondary Traumatization

Professions such as doctors, nursing staff, fire workers, police and search and rescue are at risk for secondary traumatization, which is known also as compassion fatigue, secondary or vicarious traumatization, and “burn-out”.  The symptoms are usually less severe than PTSD but can still affect the livelihoods of these professionals.  There are 3 risk factors for secondary traumatization, the first is exposure to the stories (or images) of multiple disaster victims.  Secondly your empathic sensitivity to their suffering and lastly your unresolved emotional issues that relate to the suffering seen.

Critical incident stress

Critical Incident Stress is the natural reactions of a person to an extreme situation.  They may occur immediately or in days, weeks or even months.  People that have experienced an extreme  situation often benefit from a critical incident debriefing,  which is a meeting held for those individuals that were directly affected by the event.

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